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Bacterial Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), also known as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), are becoming more prevalent. The unfortunate consequence of unprotected sex can be the development of a STI. Most STIs are spread from partner to partner unknowingly because no symptoms were seen. Many STIs will never show any symptoms. Anyone can get a STI. You can get an STI over and over and you can even have more than one at a time. Condoms are the best protection from STIs, but blood, vaginal secretions and ejaculate can all spread infections. With that said STIs can be seen in/on the penis and surrounding area, in the vagina and surrounding area, rectal area, mouth and throat. It is very important to know your sexual partners. As your number of sexual partners increases, so does your risk for becoming infected. Remember, protecting yourself from STIs is much easier than being treated for one.

Bacterial STIs

  1. Chlamydia –
    - Most common STI
    - Transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex
    - Can be transferred during childbirth
    - Symptoms: Vaginal/penile discharge, burning with urination, abdominal pain, scrotal swelling
    - Testing is done by getting a sample from the affected area
    - Treatment is done with antibiotics
     
  2. Gonorrhea “GC, Clap, Drip” –
    - Transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex
    - Can be transferred during childbirth
    - Symptoms: Vaginal/penile discharge, sore throat, abdominal pain
    - Testing is done by getting a sample from the affected area
    - Treatment is done with antibiotics
     
  3. NGU “Non-Gonococcal Urethritis” –
    - Transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex
    - Can be transferred during childbirth
    - Symptoms: Vaginal/penile discharge, burning with urination
    - Testing is done by getting a sample from the affected area
    - Treatment is done with antibiotics
     
  4. Syphilis –
    - Transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex, and skin to skin contact
    - Can be transferred before and during childbirth
    - Symptoms:
         1st stage – single, painless sore where initial infection took place
         2nd stage – rash on hands and feet, flu-like symptoms
         3rd stage – serious body and organ damage including the brain
    - Testing is done through either a blood test or sample of fluid from the sore
    - Treatment is done with antibiotics
     
  5. Bacterial Vaginosis –
    - Transmitted through sex
    - Symptoms: heavy vaginal discharge with a “fishy” odor, vaginal itching or burning, pain with urination
    - Testing is done by getting a discharge sample and looking at it under the microscope for bacteria
    - Treatment is done with antibiotics

 

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