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Prescription

  1. Oral Contraceptives “the pill” –
    - 2 types of pills: combined (estrogen/progestin) and mini (progestin only)
    - Must be taken daily and at the same time everyday
    - Must see a health care provider to receive
    - Decreased side effects with periods
    - Decreased chances of some cancers
    - Some pills are appropriate during breastfeeding
    - Not all pills are appropriate for women 35 and older who smoke
    - May have weight changes, moodiness, spotting, increased blood pressure, more serious problems for smokers, breast tenderness, nausea/vomiting
    - No protection from STIs
    - 92%-99% effective if taken appropriately
     
  2. Ortho Evra “the patch” –
    - Small nonvisible patch worn on 4 possible locations of the body
    - New patch put on weekly for 3 weeks then 1 week patch free for menstruation
    - Must see a health care provider to receive
    - Decreased side effects with periods
    - Not appropriate if breastfeeding
    - Not appropriate for women 35+ who smoke
    - May have weight changes, moodiness, spotting, increased blood pressure, breast tenderness, nausea/vomiting
    - No protection from STIs
    - 92%-99% effective if used appropriately
     
  3. NuvaRing (vaginal ring) –
    - Plastic ring inserted into the vagina for 3 weeks then 1 week ring free for menstruation
    - Must see a health care provider to receive
    - Decreased side effects with periods
    - Not appropriate if breastfeeding
    - Not appropriate for women 35+ who smoke
    - May have weight changes, moodiness, spotting, increased blood pressure, breast tenderness, nausea/vomiting
    - No protection from STIs
    - 92%-99% effective if used appropriately
     
  4. Depo Provera Injection “the shot” –
    - Intramuscular injection given every 3 months (4 times per year)
    - Must see a health care provider to receive
    - Long term use (over 2 years) may reduce bone density
    - May have irregular, heavy or light periods, spotting, or no bleeding at all, weight gain, headaches, nausea, breast tenderness
    - Return of fertility can be prolonged after use
    - Safe to use if breastfeeding
    - No protection from STIs
    - 99% effective if used appropriately
     
  5. Diaphragm –
    - Small rubber cup inserted into the vagina prior to intercourse
    - Must see a health care provider to be fitted
    - Should be used with spermicide to increase effectiveness
    - Increased risk of bladder infections
    - Can be difficult to put in and remove
    - Must be left in place 6-8 hours after sex
    - Can’t be used during menstruation
    - Safe to use if breastfeeding
    - No protection from STIs
    - 84%-94% effective if used appropriately
     
  6. Implanon “the rod” (Long Acting Reversible Contraception – LARC) –
    - Small plastic rod the size of a matchstick inserted under the skin in the upper part of the arm
    - Effective for 3 years
    - Must see a health care provider for insertion/removal during a minor in-office procedure
    - Safe to use if breastfeeding
    - May have local discomfort after insertion/removal
    - May have irregular, heavy or light periods, spotting, or no periods at all
    - No protection from STIs
    - 99% effective
     
  7. Intrauterine Device (IUD) “Paragard or Mirena” (Long Acting Reversible
    Contraception – LARC) –

    - Flexible “T” shaped device inserted into the uterus
    - Must see a health care provider for insertion/removal during a minor in-office procedure
    - The Mirena has the progestin hormone in it and is effective for 5 years. The paragard is nonhormonal and is copper-based, which is effective for 10 years
    - Safe to use if breastfeeding
    - May experience irregular, heavy or light periods, spotting or no bleeding at all with the Mirena. May experience heavy and/or longer periods or spotting between periods with the Paragard
    - No protection from STIs
    - Not for women who have not ever given childbirth
    - 99% effective


*** Click here for Combined Oral Contraceptives Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for Mini Pill Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for Ortho Evra Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for NuvaRing Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for Depo Provera Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for Diaphragm Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for Implanon Information Sheet ***

*** Click here for IUD Information Sheet ***

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